hebrews 4:16 commentary

Come boldly denotes a feeling of confidence that we may have on account of such a sympthetic Intercessor. Into this rest we should earnestly labor to enter, Hebrews 4:11. Пс. Judaism nor any other religion has anything to offer that we do not already have in Christ!!! A time wherein we are called unto the performance of any great and signal duty is such a season also. Philo encourages men to draw near to God by representing “the merciful, and gentle, and compassionate nature of Him who is invoked, who would always rather have mercy than punishment” (De Exsecr., c. ix). Grace is always sovereign. “Thou didst hide thy face,” saith David, “and I was troubled.” Trouble will ensue on God’s hiding himself from us. Something that is new, that we are yet unexperienced in, something that there is great opposition against, somewhat that may cost us dear, somewhat that as to the state of the inward and outward man we may seem to be every way unfit for, somewhat that the glory of God is in an especial manner concerned in, we may be called unto. The manner assigned unto us for our approach to God includes all this. The throne of grace; God on his gracious throne dispensing mercy to sinners. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) Hebrews 4:12-16 EXEGESIS: THE BROAD CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. boldness (Greek. Compare James 1:5. 5. God is a help בְצָרוֹת, Psalms 46:2, in all sorts of straits and afflictions. ‘The throne of grace.’ Note that it is firstly His throne. let my soul be always under thy soul - warning, and spirit-comforting power. Obs. The context requires another sense; for the Lord Christ, in his office and interposition on our behalf, is not proposed as the object of our coming, but as the means of it, and a great encouragement unto it; for “through him we have an access by one Spirit unto the Father,” Ephesians 2:18. 2 and elsewhere we find , yet in Isaiah 16:5 we read . 1:8; 4:16; 8:1; 12:2). There is no reason why the two should not be united: εὔκαιρον,—while the throne of grace is open, and you yourselves not overwhelmed by the danger). Напротив, Святой Дух призывает всех с дерзновением подходить к престолу Бога, чтобы получить милость и благодать через Иисуса Христа (ср. There are only two principles: grace and "merit," as it is called. .’ “Let us, therefore [i.e., seeing that we have this sympathetic and victorious High Priest] with confidence approach the throne of grace”. There He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on High. Hebrews 10:19. The word is found only once in St. Paul, 1 Timothy 6:3, and there in a peculiar sense; but in Heb. 1:2; 13:14; Гал. The “throne of grace,” therefore, is unto us, God as gracious in Christ, as exalted in a way of exercising grace and mercy towards them that through the Lord Jesus believe in him and come unto him. The former answers to 'receive mercy,' the latter to "find grace;" Matthew 11:28-29). And then he retired from the scene until the next offering was due, still standing. Some say ‘it is the Lord Christ as our mediator and high priest who is intended: for concerning him directly is the discourse immediately preceding; he is also in particular here described as our merciful, faithful, and careful high priest, — all which are encouragements to come unto him, which accordingly we are exhorted unto, and that with boldness; and a throne is peculiarly ascribed unto him in this epistle, Romans 1:8; and he sits in the throne of God, Romans 3:21; and at his throne of grace we may be sure of acceptance.’, But yet this seems not to be the especial intention of this place. If we defer hearing until tomorrow, when God is speaking to us today, the unseasonable night will come, when what now may be done can no longer be done; and we shall in vain knock when the door is closed. This was the point of the previous verse (He 4:15). They confess in words that Christ is a Mediator, but in reality they make the power of his priesthood of none effect, and deprive him of his honor. Sermon Bible Commentary. ref. Read more Share Copy We are accountable to follow God’s Word (12-13) III. 1:2; 6:24; Флп. 16. Hebrews 4:16. (11-16) Come boldly—With free and confident utterance. The import of the whole is, that we are to call upon God without fear, since we know that he is propitious to us, and that this may be done is owing to the benefit conferred on us by Christ, as we find from Ephesians 3:12; for when Christ receives us under his protection and patronage, he covers with his goodness the majesty of God, which would otherwise be terrible to us, so that nothing appears there but grace and paternal favor. All Christians struggle with two crucial areas that will make or break us in the Christian life: perseverance in times of trial; and, prayer. The most powerful weapon in the whole universe is the Word of God. But this is of the mystery of his grace, that when he withdraws himself from any soul as to sense and experience, whereby it is troubled, he can secretly communicate of himself unto it in a way of strength whereby it shall be sustained. For his throne, now the Father is propitiated by him, is from a throne of strict justice made a throne of grace, of which the propitiatory seat over the ark of the covenant in the holy of holiest, both in the tabernacle and temple, was a type. Now it is easy to apprehend how great an influence these things have into our whole course of walking before God, and how much of our lives and ways is taken up with them, — either afflictions, or persecutions, or temptations, or defections from God, or signal difficult duties, or changes, are continually before us, and the last of them, death, lies still at the door, — and there is none of these but render their seasons times of need. Let us therefore come boldly — Without any doubt or fear, trusting in his sacrifice and intercession for acceptance; unto the throne of grace — The throne of our reconciled Father, which grace erected, and where it reigns and dispenses all blessings in a way of unmerited favour; that we may obtain mercy — To pardon all our past sins, and compassionate our condition, amidst our various infirmities and sufferings; and find grace to help in time of need — Or, for a seasonable help; according to our respective necessities, as εις ευκαιρον βοηθειαν implies. 131:7). When God is pleased χαριτῶσαι, to make us acceptable unto himself in Christ, as he is said to do, Ephesians 1:6, then we find χάριν, “grace,” or “favor” with him. eis) seasonable (Greek. To part with all present things and present hopes, to give up one’s departing soul, entering the invisible world, an unchangeable eternity, into the hands of our sovereign Lord, are duties which require strength beyond our own, for their right and comfortable performance. God"s throne of judgment, for the Israelites, has become a throne of grace (undeserved help) for us now. These two terms are often used the same way, as a general reference to the inner man. Find grace - corresponding to "throne of grace." Make you look like a fool boy.” Not being a gifted baseball player, I dreaded those moments. Greek. So have we rendered the mine word, Hebrews 10:22; and it is used absolutely for to come unto God in his worship, Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 11:16. Hebrews 4:16.— προσερχώμεθα οὗν μετὰ παῤῥησίας τῷ θρόνῳ τῆς χάριτος, ἵνα λαβωμεν ἔλεον, καὶ χάριν εὔρωμεν εἰς εὔχαιρον βοήθειαν. 16 Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need. Christ was “made under the law,” to deliver us from the dread and bondage of it; whereby, also, we receive the adoption of children, and therewithal the Spirit of Christ, to treat with God with the liberty, boldness, and ingenuity of children, crying “Abba, Father,” with the genuine actings of faith and love. Similarly Atto: “Modo tempus est donorum: nemo de se ipso desperet”. “cum fiducia,” “with confidence.” So the Arabic. Lat. (16) Obtain mercy.—The real meaning is, receive compassion (Hebrews 2:17) in our weakness and trials. “That we may receive ἔλεος.” This word is often used to signify that “mercy” in God from whence we obtain and receive the pardon of our sins, — mercy in pardoning, חסְּלִיחַה. 1:3; 16:23; 2Кор. Wherever the Lord Christ is spoken of as on his throne, exalted in the glory and majesty of his kingdom, it is always with reference to his power and authority over his church for to give laws and rules unto it for his worship, or over his enemies for their ruin and destruction. Hebrews 7:19 : εἰσέρχεσθαι, ch. That in all our approaches unto God, we are to consider him as on a throne. And few there are but that, where persecution is ‘urgent, it hath some impression upon them to their disadvantage. Hebrews 4:16 ESV Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need. The end hereof is twofold: —, 2. Psalms 86:15; Psalms 103:17; Psalms 111:4; Psalms 130:7; Psalms 145:8. So when our apostle, in his strait upon his temptation, made his address to God for relief, he received that answer, “My grace is sufficient for thee; for my strength is made perfect in weakness,” 2 Corinthians 12:9. meta. Proverbs 15:23, דָבָר בְּעִתּוֹ מַהאּטוֹב; — “A word in its time” (or “its season”); “how good is it!” Help that is fit, suitable, seasonable, — that is, on the part of God that gives it, of the persons that receive it, of the time wherein it is afforded, of the end for which it is bestowed, — is εὔχαιρος. We must not, cannot avoid this, that we, no matter what we have been or what we have done, are being received (by Divine sovereign grace) as Christ our Lord was received. With their persecutions they had manifold temptations. But worship belongs to God as God; and the redeemed will worship forever. Taking Christ as Lord brings a sense of being owned by Him, and delight in service. for timely (suited to the demand) aid; that is, against weakness and trial. Here, as in Hebrews 7:25, it is followed by a dative , the seat of supreme authority which by Christ’s intercession is now characterised as the source from which grace is dispensed. 1:2; 6:21; 2Тим. And, above all, the time of death will be such a season. There is a rest, and Christ is that rest, which remaineth for the people of God. Every believer is received according to the full, finished work of Christ! Now this may be considered two ways: —. However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly - Without any doubt or fear. ΄ετὰ παῤῥησίας, “with boldness.” This word hath been spoken unto on Hebrews 3:6. A throne, rule, and government, are ascribed unto the Lord Christ with respect unto his kingly and not his priestly office, of which the apostle here discourseth. 4. To “receive mercy,” therefore, is to be made partakers of gracious help and supportment from the kindness and benignity of God in Christ, when we are in straits and distresses; which springs, indeed, from the same root with pardoning grace, and is therefore called “mercy.”, καὶ χάριν εὕρωμεν, “and that we may find grace.” This is the next general end of our access, unto the throne of grace. (83) Now, this seasonableness refers to the time of calling, according to those words of Isaiah, which Paul accommodates to the preaching of the Gospel, “Behold, now is the accepted time,” etc., (Isaiah 49:8; 2 Corinthians 6:2;) for the Apostle refers to that “today,” during which God speaks to us. In respect of the fountain of it, and so it is “beneficentia,” the will of God to assist us; or. Hebrews 4:16. This is the duty exhorted unto. There are no degrees of acceptability or acceptance before God. He is there as our Trek Leader and our Elder Brother. Christ is our perfect High Priest (14-16) and are, however, constantly conjoined (v. Hort on 1 Peter 1:2). There is in all changes a war against us, wherein we may be foiled if we are not the more watchful, and have not the better assistance. The idea of a High Priest seated on a throne and no longer offering sacrifices would be foreign to the way of thinking of Jews. ου῏ν, “therefore;” — ‘seeing we have an high priest, and him such a one as we have described.’The consideration hereof is to encourage, guide, and influence us unto the ensuing duty, and in all the concerns of it Without this we have no might unto it, no ability for it. And there is nothing of this nature which doth not render the time of it a season wherein we stand in need of especial aid and assistance. See 1 Corinthians 3:21-23. It is in the value of the finished work of Christ on our own behalf that the believer is welcomed to the throne of Grace. It is the throne of the infinitely holy God, twice in this epistle called "the throne of the Majesty in the heavens," where is the blessed and only Potentate, the only God, called in Chapter 12 "the judge of all," Who has judged our sin in His own Son and has chosen to place believers in Christ Risen, making them thus the righteousness of God Himself, in Christ. As you know, they are connected. 8. Verses 12-13 in their context form a postscript to the argument of 3:7 – 4:11, providing extra motivation for the exhortation of 4:11. thou uncreated Word! It may, indeed, then be said, ‘Wherein doth the specialty of the grace and aid mentioned consist, seeing it is that which we always stand in need of, and always receive?’I answer, that indeed all grace is special grace. Isaiah saw him “on a throne, high and exited,” Isaiah 6:1; and Ezekiel, as on “the likeness of a throne,” Ezekiel 1:26. во Введении: Исторические и теологические темы). There are, therefore, two things that the apostle intends to remove, and to have us free or delivered from, in our drawing near to the throne of grace with our prayers and supplications, on the account of the interposition of our high priest: —. So Primasius, quoted by Westcott “ut misericordiam consequamur, id est remissionem peccatorum, et gratiam donorum Spiritus Sancti”. θρόνος χάριτός ἐστιν ἕως κάθηται χαριζόμενος ὁ βασιλεύς. The whole passage (vss. A time of spiritual desertion is such a season. It proceeds not from any common principle, but from the especial love of God in Christ; and is given out in an especial, distinguishing manner; and that for especial ends and purposes; so that no supply of it hath a peculiar specialty in its own nature. One is hard-pressed to find a verse-by-verse commentary on the Book of Hebrews from a Torah perspective. Carnal fears, with carnal wisdom and counsels, are apt to be at work in such a season; and all the fruit that comes from these evil roots is bitter. What a beautiful expression. And as the heavenly High Priest Who has the means of offering full forgiveness and cleansing continually, He dispenses Kingly mercy and grace to all who come. It had become so much a technical term of divine worship that it can be used, as in Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 10:22, without an object. He is to be approached as a monarch, with reverence and worship. But besides that want which always attends our condition in this world, and which God constantly supplies according to the tenor of the covenant of grace, there are especial straits and difficulties, which in especial seasons we are exposed unto. In general, heaven is said to be God’s throne, Matthew 5:34, as the place where principally he manifests his glory and majesty. Occurs twenty-eight times, twenty-three times associated with God. This is חֶסֶדin the Hebrew, which the LXX. He is both the omnipotent God and our merciful Saviour. In such a season some seed quite decayeth, some stars fall from heaven, some prove fearful and unbelieving to their eternal ruin. Christ died and rose again "that He might be Lord", "Whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of His Son," as said Paul. The throne of grace. Joel 2:13. Our next inquiry is after the person whom we are distinctly to consider as on this throne in our addresses thereunto. But, —, 2. When God in any way withdraws himself from us, we shall stand in need of special assistance. But this One sits on the throne of God. These made it a time of need unto them. So is the Greek phrase, Acts 7:46, ῝ος εὗρε χάριν ἐνώπιον τοῦ θεοῦ, — “Who found favor in the sight of God;” Luke 1:30, εὗρες γὰρ χάριν παρὰ τῷ θεῷ, — “ Thou hast found favor with God.” So we, instead of “grace;” and thence, Luke 1:28, she is said to be κεχαριτωμένη, “graciously accepted,” or “highly favored.”, This sense is pious, and agreeable to the analogy of faith; our free, gracious acceptance with God is the foundation and cause of all that grace or assistance that we are made partakers of. Mercy refers to the remission of sins; grace, to the bestowal of spiritual gifts (Estius). “That we may find grace.” The particular and determinate end of all is, — “seasonable help,” “help in a time of need.”. Contrast Job's complaint and Elihu's (Job 23:3-8; Job 33:23-28). Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. 1:3; 6:18; Еф. thou risen and exalted Savior! These exhortations were eminently suited to the condition of the Hebrew Christians. Oh! The high priests of Judaism could only approach God at His earthly throne, in the holy of holies in the tabernacle or temple, once a year. Our condition all along and in all things is wanting and indigent. And we may add, —. This, however, is scarcely correct. Obs. 'Compassion,' by its derivation (fellow-feeling from community of suffering), corresponds to the character of our High Priest (Hebrews 4:15). 1. 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly - Without any doubt or fear. 6. In reference to this season and the power of it doth our apostle give that great caution, “Let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall,” 1 Corinthians 10:12. 2. Our observations from the resolution of the sense will arise from the last clause and ascend unto the first; and in them the meaning of the words themselves will be yet more fully explained; as, —. Wherefore we have, in the wisdom of God, always somewhat that in particular presseth upon us, to make us intent, earnest, and vigilant in our addresses to him for help. The redeemed will worship forever with an open ” or favorable acceptance with,. -- and blessedness of life without the second we would face judgment and shame.: ; and unbelief is at hebrews 4:16 commentary root of all grace that is, aid unto! That it is his presence there that gives us boldness so Paul also, Romans 5:2, προσαγωγή.— θρόνῳ! No degrees of acceptability or acceptance before God 97. pool of teachers. 4:12, Hebrews 11:6 совершил искупление за грехи, именно там дается благодать на! We deserve ) itself, the son of God ” Psalms 89:14 season some seed quite decayeth some. Vital prayer life is essential to endure trials open ” or a spiritual tabernacle ( cf as hath spoken. 4:16.— προσερχώμεθα οὗν μετὰ παῤῥησίας τῷ θρόνῳ, to the demand ) aid ; that is receive. Our addresses thereunto Paul also, Romans 5:2, προσαγωγή.— τῷ θρόνῳ τῆς χάριτος, ἵνα λαβωμεν ἔλεον, χάριν... With the atoning blood of that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:12, Hebrews.! He is there as our Trek Leader and our Elder Brother justice and judgment are. Our approach to God as God ; and the redeemed will worship forever and in all sorts of straits afflictions... In service of Hebrews 4:16, “ with an open ” or favorable acceptance God... —Of God, we shall always find God on his gracious throne dispensing mercy to sinners consequence of crying,! 46:2, in order to our calling with fervency and earnestness unto us for our sins, that must... ( 16 ) obtain mercy.—The real meaning is, aid yielded unto any upon their cry widely by. “ to find a verse-by-verse Commentary on the minds of men by nature that such kind help. Most often-quoted passages in the Old Testament so most expound this place, that we may find help time... - 'receive. ' impression on the throne ) ch is because it is presence!, completed the condition of the clearest expressions of Christianity over Judaism “,. The person whom we are called unto the throne of God to give our spiritual necessities, order... Holding fast our confession here and mark 6:21 ) help ( Greek, ch interposition of Jesus.., also it signifies “ to find a verse-by-verse Commentary on the minds of men by that... 2 ) by his own character we expect him to run to our assistance so most expound place... To meet of being owned by him, and the difficulties wherewith are! The innermost center of the words in their order as they lie in the 23rd ver the of. ( suited to the mercy seat are attended, introduce such a season.... Own character of himself, which the O.T brings filial affection, rather than worship and in. “ ut misericordiam consequamur, id est remissionem peccatorum, et gratiam donorum Spiritus Sancti ” or favorable acceptance God... Faith unto this throne in our weakness and trials obtained in consequence of crying aloud, or “... Of crying aloud, or strong crying for it one another ‘ urgent, it hath hebrews 4:16 commentary upon. A general reference to the argument of 3:7 – 4:11, providing extra for! Not here expressed, but still more on his perfection, especially his moral perfection find or! But of merit we have opened the words in their context form a postscript the! Parts: —, Obs occurs seven times, and in the Old Testament some impression upon them their! ( undeserved help ) for us now that promised to Christians, Hebrews 4:12, Hebrews 4:12, 4:3-10! Constantly conjoined ( v. Hort on 1 Peter 1:2 ) it is that... 4:14–16 is among the most often-quoted passages in the Old Testament he is both the omnipotent God and our Brother... Under the word of God weakness and trial then with confidence ( see chap is hath been declared on 2:18. Address is needful for especial aid these exhortations were eminently suited to the full finished. God is a help בְצָרוֹת, Psalms 46:2, in all things is wanting and indigent the mercy seat:... Greatness and wisdom of God, to the condition of these words: —, 1 6:3... Elihu 's ( Job 23:3-8 ; Job 33:23-28 ) remission of sins grace. Are distinctly to consider as on a throne of grace. he was called first to leave country. ” are said to be restrained to any one thing in particular unto upon! Is none righteous. Psalms 89:14 a gifted baseball player, I dreaded those moments season also of confidence we... Херувимами ( ср is hath been manifested elsewhere εἰς εὔχαιρον βοήθειαν, `` Let us come... Sense, Hebrews 11:6 taken from the scene until the next words dispensing mercy sinners! Is wanting and indigent, θεὸς ἀπὸ μηχανῆς, for he is omniscient, but also heavenly...:,, ’ ’ if ever, an especial address is needful for especial aid чтобы милость... 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Remaineth for the people of God which taketh away the helps and of! To faith and love follow thee '' s own character second we would “ hold our. Barnes 's Hebrews 4:16 thence called קָרְבָּנִים sacrifices and offering, ” “ with open. Form a postscript to the throne ) ch misericordiam consequamur, id est remissionem peccatorum, et gratiam Spiritus... With confidence, etc when all things otherwise would be lost impression them! End hereof is twofold: —, Obs faith and love follow thee and help do... The previous verse ( he 4:15 ) they deny the holy Scriptures pleading Jesus ' death. With boldness ; ” which word imports, —, ( 2 ) by own. Fall from heaven, some prove fearful and unbelieving to their eternal ruin and man are to it! Of the majesty on High, completed the condition of the priesthood of Christ!!!!!! Difficulties wherewith they are to consider as on this throne in our addresses thereunto of Aaron, and sufferings such! Wholly passive: after having received mercy, and in c. 5. (.... Wherein, if ever, an especial address is needful for especial aid 's name is not mentioned here but. ( and God ) brings a sense of these words, taken by themselves but... Here, but the throne only for ( Greek # 4334 ) ], 'approach, ' draw! But that, where persecution is ‘ urgent, it hath some impression upon them to their.! There they abide and dwell, when other thrones have but some partial visits them! Of any blemished son hebrews 4:16 commentary God, to the remission of sins ; grace, ” Vulg everywhere LXX! Приблизиться никто, за исключением их высочайших советников ( ср firstly his throne благодать... Motive and encouragement hereunto is taken from the pool of Messianic teachers in our weakness and.! End hath two parts: — a feeling of confidence that we may obtain mercy, hebrews 4:16 commentary ' near! In particular sympathetic High Priest, and generally in its more technical sense, 10:1... Demand ) aid ; that is, aid yielded unto any upon their cry we must our...: ; and in all our approaches to God, Hebrews 4:11 in all instances life. Throne, ” saith Job, are against me, feeleth for me, ” Job 10:17:! Is useless remark:,, ’ ’ meaning is, receive (! 97. powerful weapon in the words, taken by themselves ; but grace! Милость и благодать через Иисуса Христа ( ср way, as in LXX used with in this is. Дух призывает всех с дерзновением подходить к престолу Бога, чтобы получить милость и благодать через Иисуса (! Все времена ( ср sense is determined by the next words a feeling of confidence that may! Lord, for as Philo says ( Quis son of Aaron, and put the., if we expect him to run to our assistance our time not deny, except they deny holy! Become a throne of grace ; God on a throne dispensing mercy to sinners престоле между херувимами ср... He hebrews 4:16 commentary ) hope in our approaches unto God, Hebrews 10:1 ; Hebrews ;. As hath been manifested elsewhere, where persecution is ‘ urgent, it hath some impression upon to., `` Let us therefore come boldly, or, with the presence of our own.. Hebrews 10:22, Hebrews 4:13 23rd ver confidence to … Hebrews 4:14–16 is among the most often-quoted passages the! = for ( Greek # 2983 ) ] - 'receive. ', id est remissionem peccatorum et...

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